Category Archives: Internet of Things

How To identify right Industrial IoT Platforms

 

 How To identify right Industrial IoT Platforms

As per proprietary research by BCC research the Global IoT market is set to gain by $37 Billion by 2021. The research is focused on the endpoints particularly sensors as they are the critical start point for the IoT communications.  But the data collection platform is another decisive parameter in the IoT eco-system. This article will focus on How To identify right Industrial IoT Platforms and cover critical parameters which should be taken into account when identifying the right electronics hardware platform. There are plethora of evaluation boards, modules, chip-sets  hence it is important that all the requirements are taken into account and the platforms are chosen wisely as per the actual deployment and customer specific requirements.

Understanding the requirement 

First step in identifying right Industrial IoT Platforms is to understand the requirements in terms of various parameters. Below are few guidelines questions which should be asked to customers to get the right Industrial IoT Platforms requirement of the platform.

  1. How many Sensors to be supported? Which in turn will give idea about GPIO lines.
  2. Computing Power
  3. Memory requirements
  4. Is it node or gateway ?
    1. IoT node requirements are low power, long battery life
    2. IoT gateway requirements –
      1. Interfaces Required (Ethernet, WiFi, BT, Zigbee, Zwave, Sigfox, LoRa)
      2. Location – Outdoor, Indoor

Comparison of various embedded platforms

Below are some of the platforms features comparisons which can help the product designer and customers alike on understanding How To identify right Industrial IoT Platforms for their applications.

How To identify right Industrial IoT Platforms

 Raspberry Pi 3 Model B+

Processor Broadcom BCM2837B0, Cortex-A53 64-Bit SoC @ 1.4GHz
Memory 1GB LPDDR2 SDRAM
Connectivity 2.4GHz and 5GHz IEEE 802.11.b/g/n/ac wireless LAN, Bluetooth 4.2, BLE Gigabit Ethernet over USB 2.0 (maximum throughput 300Mbps) 4 × USB 2.0 ports
Access Extended 40-pin GPIO header
Video and Sound 1 × full size HDMI MIPI DSI display port MIPI CSI camera port 4 pole stereo output and composite video port
Multimedia H.264, MPEG-4 decode (1080p30); H.264 encode (1080p30); OpenGL ES 1.1, 2.0 graphics
  • Application specific HATS board to be developed for RPI 3 boards will be required.
  • Each board needs an SD Card as memory requirements are higher due to Linux OS support
  • Power consumption requirement for the board is high as processor are 64Bit and running at high speed and need additional measures for thermal management of unit.

Raspberry Pi – Zero W

Processor BCM 2835 SOC @ 1GHz
Memory 512MB of RAM
Connectivity micro-SD

mini-HDMI

micro-B USB for data

micro-B USB for power

802.11 b/g/n wireless LAN

Bluetooth 4.1

Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE)

Access Unpopulated 40-pin GPIO connector
Video and Sound CSI camera connector (needs adaptor cable)
  • Application specific HATS board to be developed for RPI Zero boards.
  • Each board needs an SD Card as memory requirements for RPI Zero boards are quite high due to linux OS
  • Power consumption requirement for the board is high as processor are 64Bit and running at high speed need additional measures for thermal management of unit.
  • Overall cost of unit  would be higher considering additional cost of memory.

Orange Pi R1 

Processor H2+ Quad-core Cortex-A7 32bit
Memory 256MB DDR3 SDRAM, 16MB SPI flash
Connectivity 100M/10M Ethernet RJ45

100M/10M RTL8152B

Realtek RTL8189ETV, IEEE 802.11 b/g/n

TF Card  (32GB),USB 2.0 OTG

Video Supports external board via 13 pins
GPU   Mali400MP2 GPU@600MHZ, Supports OpenGL ES 2.0
  • Application specific base board  needs be develop.
  • Being a quad core processor power consumption  requirements are higher and would add challenges in thermal management of Unit.

ARDUINO UNO REV3

Processor ATmega328P
Memory Flash 32 KB (ATmega328P) of which 0.5 KB used by bootloader, SRAM  2 KB (ATmega328P),EEPROM :1 KB (ATmega328P)
Digital Io Pins 14 (of which 6 provide PWM output)

Being a 8 bit uC, this embedded platform has limitations for Industrial IoT application and  RTOS should be ported as per product application. It is cost effective solution for small memory footprint requirements.

development board

NUCLEO-F303K8

  • Frequency  : 72MHz
  • Microcontroller  : 32 bit ARM Cortex
  • Flash Memory :  512 Kbytes
  • SRAM  : 16 kb
  • Crystal Oscillator  : 4-32MHz
  • ADC  : 40 channels
  • DMA  : 12 channels
  • GPIO  : 115
  • Operating Voltage  : 2 to 3.6 volt
  • Digital I/O 2x 12 bit DAC channel, 4x 12 bit A/D converters,14x timers, 4x Hardware SPI,3x I2C interface, 5x USART, CAN, USB2.0 full-speed interface with LPM support
  • 32bit  architecture
  • Low cost
  • Low power requirement

There are plethora of evaluation platforms in the market, cost, performance, battery life and many other parameters should be considered when advising the clients about the right Industrial IoT platform. It has to be unique and custom designed so that BOM overheads can be reduced without compromising on quality or functionality and should be sustainable for long term.

Argus Embedded System is  Industry’s leading company in providing electronic product design and Electronics Manufacturing for Security, Home and Industrial automation, Medical, Transport & Logistics, Automotive, Networking, Telecom, IoT and  Connected devices. Our IoT Product line can help you in defining and designing any of your product ideas.

Our professional experts  are available via phone or email for your consultation. Ask for a free quote on any of our services or products. Our Major customers are from India, Australia, USA and UK.

Industrial IoT Platform

RFID Inventory Tracking System

RFID Inventory Tracking System

RFID Inventory Tracking System

Argus has design and developed RFID Inventory Tracking System which uses RS485 to connect to Reader. This inventory system is designed for Industrial usage in which the assets are kept in large shop or plant floor.  Below are the challenges faced and resolution done to make it a successful product.

Requirements 

  1. The RFID reader and the controller PC can not be kept nearby.
  2. The assets are kept in huge shop floor, the LED and Buzzer indication should come for easy identification of assets.
  3. Multiple RFID Readers should be connected to the system for complete asset management.

Product Specifications

  •  RFID Reader has RS 485 connector so that the controller PC can be kept at far location.
  • Tags are designed to have LED and Buzzer functionality.
  • Controller software is modified so that it can accommodation multiple RFID Readers and tags.
  • Design of Hardware & Software are optimized for low power and battery consumption.

As the RFID reader has RS485 connection the reader can be kept far away.
The antenna can be aligned as per the Line of site of the assets.
Also the Antenna can be changed as per the requirement to improve the
coverage of the RFID reader. The store manager can give the Tag asset number
to locate the tag and the buzzer and LED will guide the personnel to the
exact asset location. The RFID Inventory Tracking System solution can be
enhanced to add entry and exit choke points to note down the exit location
of the assets.

This RFID Inventory Tracking System can be customized as per requirement to serve various other Industrial deployments.

Argus Embedded System is India’s leading company in providing electronic product design services for Security & Surveillance, Home and Industrial automation, Medical, Transport & Logistics, Automotive, Networking, Telecom, IoT and  Connected devices.

Our professional experts  are available via phone or email for your consultation. Ask for a free quote on any of our services or products.

Automatic Meter Reader for Energy Meters


Automatic Meter Reader for Energy Meters
Automatic meter reading, or AMR, is the technology of automatically collecting consumption
of energy parameters and send to server for comparison and data analysis purposes.

The parameters which are sent to the server are Active Energy, Voltage, Current,
Frequency, Power, and Power factor.
The advantage of installing Automatic Meter Reader for Energy Meters is
to obtain the historical consumption data and utilize them to understand the high consumption
area, timing and implementation of strategy to reduce the same.

As per Smart Energy Consumer Collaborative (USA based nonprofit organization)
a smarter grid can help you in following ways :

  • Nearly $600 in direct bill savings for the average household each year
  • Gives control over your power bill by making it possible to
    monitor and adjust your energy use through smart meters and home energy management
    systems that offer 24/7 rate and usage readings.
  • Reduces expenses to energy producers by allowing direct communication
    with end-user equipment to reduce consumption during these peak periods,
    lowering the need for costly standby power plants
  • Some states offer new pricing plans that make it possible
    for consumers to save money by controlling how much electricity
    they use during times of peak demand when electricity is more expensive

Deployment Diagram

amr_deployment

 

AMR

Argus has developed Automatic Meter Reader for Energy Meters with features:

Automatic Meter Reader

Automatic Meter Reader

Device works on Ac supply 230V

Supports RS485/RS232 communication

Can connect up to 32 electric meters in a network

GPRS/SMS based system.

Reads from electric meters and updates to server/mobile

Battery backup during power failure.

Application

  • Electrical Panels – Industrial LT Panels.
  • Motor Control Centres, Distribution Contol & Relay Panels.
  • Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Panels.
  • Genset Panels.
  • Generation, Transmission and Distribution Panels.
  • Test Benches and Laboratory Equipment.
  • Uninterrupted Power Supply.
  • Special OEM Application.
  • Suitable for 3P, 4W LT Application.
  • Three line LCD backlit display.
  • Displays: Active Energy, Voltage, Current, Frequency, Power, Power factor etc.
  • Three push buttons on the front panel for programming and scrolling.
  • CT secondary -/1A or -/5 A (user selectable).
  • Maximum values of parameters can be reset.
  • Available with RS485 MODBUS communication.
  • Available in Class Accuracy 1.0

Automatic Meter Reader for Energy Meters purchase request can be sent to sales@sysargus.com
or can be contacted via phone or email.
We ship this product worldwide and also it can be customized as per your requirements.

We have independently developed AMR addon board which can be added to any of the existing meters and make it GPRS enabled and smart enough to be connected to the cloud.

Argus Embedded System is India’s leading company in providing electronic product design services for Security & Surveillance, Home and Industrial automation, Medical, Transport & Logistics, Automotive, Networking, Telecom, IoT and  Connected devices. Our professional experts  are available via phone or email for your consultation. Ask for a free quote on any of our services or products.

References :

https://powermin.nic.in/sites/default/files/webform/notices/Strategy_for_Rollout_of_Advanced_metering_infrastructure.pdf

https://www.gov.uk/guidance/smart-meters-how-they-work

https://www.eia.gov/tools/faqs/faq.php?id=108&t=3

More from Argus Blogs

[pt_view id=”082ee2a0f7″]

How to calculate target cost for Electronic Products?

Target costing is a critical factor in product design and development. It not only gives idea about the final product but also helps in assuring the success of the product in the market. How to calculate target cost for Electronic Products? Before going into the specifics the brief  life cycle of electronics design and development of a new innovative product can be outlined as below.

Generic Life Cycle of Electronic Products

  1.    Idea of a product
  2.    Market Analysis  – Marketing Requirement document
  3.    Target Costing : How to calculate target cost for Electronic Products ?
  4.    Requirement design – Product requirement Design document
  5.    Quotes for design and development – Technical Proposal
  6.    Prototype build – Design, verification and manufacturing of prototype
  7.    Requirement verification and validation
  8.     Mass Production
Electronic Product Development Process

Electronic Product Development Process

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Historical Origin of Target costing

Target costing is believed to be originated in Japan in the 1960s and since the 1980s Western companies in North America and Europe have tried to adopt target costing albeit over the years many variations of target costing have been developed and are being used in different countries. ““Value engineering” is another similar known concept from Americans which emphasizes on maximizing desirable product attributes while at the same time minimizing product costs (Leahy, 1998).

How to calculate target cost for Electronic Products ?

The principle of target cost starts with finalizing of selling price of a particular product and work back to the cost by removing the cost of profit. The design and manufacturing teams are vital for this as the emphasis is given from the design and planning stage, so that the apt decision are made to determine the price and feature combinations suitable for the product and profitable for the customers.

Factors which affect costing 

  • The Mandatory features of the product
  • Good-to-have features
  • Bill of material, PCB costing : No of components
  • Environment Requirement :  Russia or South Africa, inside water or top of mountain
  • The complexity of design and ease of manufacturing
  • Enclosure design and material
  • In-house expertise and sub-contracts
  • Batch size and packaging, shipping costs

The concept of value  analysis is of prime importance here as it aims to reduce costs by identifying those area of a product or service which even if removed does not affect “user value/ function” or “esteem value/brand value” of the product.

Cost of a unit can be worked out by taking cost of all above and desired profitability.  Conventional costing records costs only as they are incurred but target cost gives flexibility and ability for cost control and increase the margins as per demand of the market.

Argus product development process involves focus on value engineering and target-costing for electronic products to make it viable for customers and consumers equally.

Argus Embedded System is India’s leading company in providing electronic product design services for Industrial, Networking & Telecom and Defense domains. Our professional experts  are available via phone or email for your consultation.  Give us a chance to help you, in making your dream come true. Ask for a free quote on any of our services or products.

More from Argus Blogs

[pt_view id=”082ee2a0f7″]

OpenWRT WiFi router with 4G/LTE

Quark OpenWRT Wifi router with 4G/LTE  support  is revolutionary product developed by Argus Embedded System. It supports storage devices to be connected to the Access point which gives additional benefit for the users to access all the files locally or remotely over LAN or WAN interfaces. As its 4G/LTE supported** it allows the users to connect to Internet using dongle and not depend only on ISP’s for internet connections.

The  Quark OpenWRT Wifi router with 4G/LTE  support  is idle for remote locations and areas where Ethernet or dsl internet connectivity has not reached. Also it works as great development board for software developers who wants to understand the nitty-gritty of openWRT, Router, Wifi etc.

Features:

  • 802.11 b/g/n, 2.4 GHz, 1×1 SISO, 150MBps max data
  • 21.5 dB output power
  • Built in chip antenna and U.FL connector options
  • 16 MB Flash and 64 MB DDR2 RAM
  • CPU – AR9331, 400 MHz clock speed
  • LED’s – Power, Ethernet0, WLAN, MMC
  • Power supply – 5.5 v single voltage, max power
  • Consumption on heavy duty download – 1.5 W
  • In built rechargeable battery
  • Luci Web page
  • Support simultaneous 30 clients.
  • Seem-less Streaming of Video content from external hard disk to users.
  • Firewall/ NAT

Block Diagram:

 

OpenWRT Routerwith 4G/LTE support

OpenWRT Routerwith 4G/LTE support

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Product:

Quark OpenWRT Wifi Router

Quark OpenWRT Wifi Router

Download Datasheet:

Quark_OpenWRT_Router_Datasheet_v1.1

 

 

 

The  OpenWRT WiFi router with 4G/LTE  product purchase request can be sent to sales@sysargus.com  or can be contacted via phone or email . We ship this product worldwide and also it can be customized as per your requirements.

Argus Embedded System is India’s leading company in providing electronic product design services for Industrial, Networking & Telecom and Defense domains. Our professional experts  are available via phone or email for your consultation.  Give us a chance to help you, in making your dream come true. Ask for a free quote on any of our services or products.

Note: 4G/LTE support depends on driver installation of dongle, tested and verified with Airtel E3372h-607 Data Card

 

Smart irrigation controller with soil moisture sensor

Argus Embedded System has designed and developed Smart irrigation controller with soil moisture sensor. It can be connected to up to 4- humidity sensors where it continuously monitors humidity level under the soil/tree and displays in the 16*2 LCD display. Whenever the humidity value reaches below the critical value, the system activates the alarm and displays the condition as dry for its respective sensor.

Smart irrigation controller with soil moisture sensor product is useful in any part of world and gives alert in form of LCD display and buzzer. It results in optimal water utilization in agriculture.

The product can be bought by farmers, garden owners including professional enthusiast to  make them Agri-smart.

Block Diagram

Smart irrigation system with humidity sensor.

Smart irrigation system with humidity sensor.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Features :

 Microcontroller: ATMEGA
 16KB Flash
 8 channel 10 bit ADC
 16X2 LCD display
 4KHZ PIEZO Buzzer
 Easy installation
 Nickel plated, high electric conduction performance, anti-rust, long lifespan
humidity sensor
 Operating voltage: 12V DC
 Operating temperature: -40°C ~ 85°C
 Humidity range: 0-100%
 Dimensions:117*97*30

Product 

Smart Irrigation Controller

Smart Irrigation Controller

The product purchase request can be sent to sales@sysargus.com  or can be contacted via phone or email . We ship this product worldwide and also it can be customized as per your requirements.

Argus Embedded System is India’s leading company in providing electronic product design services for Industrial, Networking & Telecom and Defense domains. Our professional experts  are available via phone or email for your consultation.  Give us a chance to help you, in making your dream come true. Ask for a free quote on any of our services or products.

Industrial IoT Gateway

Industrial IoT or IIoT is also known as “The Fourth Industrial Revolution” is re-emphasizing the the connected world phenomena and taking it to the next level with connecting all legacy and modern devices and things in a way that industrial organizations becomes connected, self reliant and autonomous.  According to IDC, worldwide spending on the IoT is forecast to reach $772.5B in 2018 among which discrete manufacturing, transportation and logistics, and utilities will lead all industries in IoT spending by 2020, averaging $40B each.

The manufacturing industry has challenge where the traditional legacy systems is to be made smart. Its always easy to design a solution, build to solve a specific problem but there are constraints and scalability parameters which has to be kept in mind while designing new system or proposing new solutions. However, whether legacy or modern designed industry for any system to get connected with other devices and to be able to communicate with server, the need of industrial IIoT industry is industrial IoT gateway.

Industrial IoT is a broad term, if defined in more simpler way, below are the areas which are going to be impacted and need vendor and manufacturers to build solution around them.

  1. Legacy Industries : Traditional machines, to connected with modules which can understand both languages (PLC, Modbus, GPRS, LoRa, Sigfox)
  2. Smart home, city and Industries : Those industries which can be made smart with new solutions integrated with existing infrastructure.

Legacy Industries -> Smart Industry using Industrial IoT Gateway

Smart_industry

This is one of the classic shop-floor-to-top-floor connected environment example.

Smart Cities using Industrial IoT Gateway

 

Lora_IoT_devices

Industrial IoT gateway is one of the Argus developed Embedded Platforms which are of high performance and can be customized to suit both of these industrial IoT gateway requirements .  It is based on 32-bit RISC processor with 256 RAM and 64 MB flash to run any type of IoT applications on top of it.

General Features and technologies used by Industrial IoT gateway Argus Embedded’s Platform:

  1. Interface Ports: RS485, RS 232, Ethernet, USB 2.0 host
  2. Wireless: RF, GPRS, LoRa, Sigfox, WiFi
  3. I/O to connect various sensors

Sensors being used by various customers with Argus Industrial IoT gateway :

  • Door sensor (MC 38)
  • Water level Float sensor (ZP4510)
  • Proximity sensor (HCSR501)
  •  Moisture sensor (KG003)
  •  LDR Sensor (RES‐0276)
  •  IR Sensor (FC‐51)
  •  Temperature sensor (LM35)

Argus Embedded System is India’s leading company in providing electronic product design services for Industrial, Networking & Telecom and Defense domains. Our professional experts  are available via phone or email for your consultation.  Give us a chance to help you, in making your dream come true. Ask for a free quote on any of our services.